HJDS Travel Group

Tourists Guide To Exploring UNESCO World Heritage Sites Located In Panama

by on Aug.14, 2012, under Travel

  • Sumo

UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, was formed in 1945 by the United Nations. One of its many functions is to identify, publicize, and support the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. We are going to be taking a quick look at some of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Panama.

UNESCO evaluates prospective World Heritage Sites for cultural and natural significance, and only selects the top candidates for the list. This country is well endowed in that it has sites of both types.

Being designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site is considered to be very significant, as there are only 890 such sites throughout the world. Being on the list is a great form of publicity, as the selection process is widely held to be based on real world factors rather than political influence. Besides publicity, UNESCO also sponsors conservation activities in some cases.

The first World Heritage Site in this country to be listed, in 1980, is Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo. These fortifications were established by the Spanish in the 17th and 18th centuries to protect their trade, particularly from the English and from pirates. This caution was well justified as the vast wealth of the early Spanish colonies attracted a lot of attention.

Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and Historic District of Panama was added to the list in 1997. It includes the site of Panama Viejo, the first European settlement on the Pacific Ocean. It was established in 1519 and abandoned after it was destroyed by the privateer Henry Morgan in 1671. Some call him a pirate, he seemed to favor attacking this area, perhaps because of the wealth present.

The next addition was Archaeological Site of Panama Viejo and Historic District of Panama, which made it in 1997. Panama Viejo was established in 1519. It was the first European settlement on the Pacific Ocean. Henry Morgan, a pirate or privateer depending on who is telling the story, sacked the city in 1671. The Spanish rebuilt it as a fortified city on a peninsula to make it more difficult to assault. That location, sometimes called Casco Viejo de Panama, is now part of the current city of Panama, referred to as the Historic District of Panama. Together these two locations comprise the World Heritage Site.

Coiba Island is the heart of our final site, Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection, added in 2005. It includes a number of smaller islands and the water around them. The island has been separate from the mainland long enough for a number of unique species to develop. One of these is the crested eagle, which lives nowhere else and is considered endangered. Coral reefs are uncommon on the Pacific side. Coiba has one of the few large ones. There was a lot of fear of the penal colony that was located on Coiba until it closed in 2004. This seems to be a reason that the island was not very developed or exploited.

Panama has the Canal and that is what most people associate with it. The fact that it has these five World Heritage Sites shows the error in this. This small country has plenty of things to see. Tourism is a major factor in the economy. It sounds like an exciting place to tour.

Want to find out more about Real estate in Panama, then visit Lucia’s site on how to choose the best properties in Panama and the benefits that panama retirement can offer to you.

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    My name is Harry Delgado and I am a full time Internet and Small Business developer and marketer. Over 30 years in the Computer systems development, programming, hardware installations and support. Currently making a living from blogs like HJDS Computer Services , HJDS Investment Group and HJDS BlogBiz. You can connect with me via social media sites at Facebook - LinkedIn - Twitter - YouTube.