HJDS Travel Group

Enjoy: Inca, Mountains, Jungle And Galapagos

by on Feb.08, 2013, under Travel

  • Sumo

With a territory of 276,841 sq km, Ecuador is about the size of Colorado, USA, or about 50 % of the size of France. Compared to many other countries in Latin America, which is relatively small and consequently, most distances may be traveled by bus within a day’s ride. Buses are inexpensive and the more up-scale services are quite nice. Daily flights go from Quito to each of the major cities. Many cities are traveled by plane in approximately 30-45 minute flights.

Continental Ecuador is divided into three very distinct zones, the coastal lowlands, the Andean mountains and the eastern Amazon lowlands. Because the earth isn’t perfectly round and a bit wider at the Equator, the length from the center of the planet is larger at the equator than at the poles. Consequently, Mount Chimborazo with 6,267 m above sea level, is further away from the center of our planet than Mount Everest. Volcanic activity is considerable down the Andes Mountains and on the Galapagos Islands.

There are 7 different climatic regions in Ecuador, which consist of very humid down the outer Andes mountains to very dry in the south, while temperatures vary from rather hot in the lowlands to cold on the higher altitudes. The Central Andes have a comfortable spring-like climate.

Indian cultures thrived in Ecuador 100’s of years before their lands were conquered by the Incas during the late 14 hundreds. Still a large number of languages are spoken, besides the official Spanish and the widely spoken Inca language. Ingapirca is the principle archaeological building Inca period, as all other pre-colonial buildings are already destroyed by the Spanish. Many Indians died during the first period of Spanish rule from diseases brought over from Europe. During the first centuries of colonial rule many Indians were forced into the “encomienda”, the forced labor system for the Spanish rulers.

Quito was declared the capital or “audiencia” (administrative district) of the northern Spanish colony in 1563. In 1717 incorporated in the Vice-royalty of New Granada, which combined the lands of what’s now Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. New Granada declared independence in 1822 and took the name Gran Colombia.

Ecuador separated from the Federation in 1830. Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador had a number of border wars with its neighbors, each time losing more territory, while several areas along the borders remained in dispute. Permanent borders were agreed in 1999 after a war with Peru in 1995. That conflict had set off a round of peace talks headed by Brazil and aided by Argentina, Chile and the USA. Ecuador enjoyed democracy in the past 4 decades.

Ecuador carries a population of around 15 million inhabitants which has been concentrated in the central Andes until some decades ago. Currently, the populace is distrubuted about equally between the Andes and the coast. Much of the population has gone to the cities which now occupy about 60% of the inhabitants, with Guayaquil – 2,600,000 – and Quito – 1.8 million – being the major cities. However in the Amazon region, the “Oriente” (East) the populace remains quite low at (3%).

The nation’s economy is heavily dependent on oil , while complimented by manufacturing for the internal market, commerce and agriculture. Besides oil, bananas, shrimp, flowers, plus some other minor agriculturalgoods for the export. In 2010, oil oil sales made u 56% of the export earnings. Being the world’s largest exporter in the worldwide of bananas and plantains its annual sales exceed $2 billion annually while Ecuador also is a major player on the markets of shrimp ($800 million) and cacao ($400 million) markets. Non-traditional export products are flowers ($600 million), canned fish ($600 million), and cars ($375 million).

Over the past twenty years or so, Ecuador is becoming a major tourist destination with highlights the Galapagos archipelago, Colonial Quito, the colonial city of Cuenca, Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve, Cajas National Park, Cotopaxi and the Otavalo Indian market. Cuyabeno has been rapidly building a name as the best place worldwide to visit enjoy humid tropical forest of the Amazon.

Find out why The Andes such a fabulous region to for vacation. For 4 decades Wesley Vanderhill has lived in South America and suggests you where to go and what to do in Ecuador.

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    Behind HJDS Travel Group Blog

    My name is Harry Delgado and I am a full time Internet and Small Business developer and marketer. Over 30 years in the Computer systems development, programming, hardware installations and support. Currently making a living from blogs like HJDS Computer Services , HJDS Investment Group and HJDS BlogBiz. You can connect with me via social media sites at Facebook - LinkedIn - Twitter - YouTube.