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Introduction To General Aviation

by on Apr.03, 2011, under Travel

Designing, developing, flying and maintaining an aircraft are part of piloting. Every country piloting is divided into two parts: Air force and Civil. Civil industry also has bifurcation: Commercial and Scheduled flights and Commercial/Non-Commercial non-scheduled flights. The first one is commonly referred as airline industry. The later category is very interesting and is known as basic piloting. Many private flights are operating in North American region can be classified as General Aviation or (GA). It has many flights like business jets, chartered planes, hang gliding, parachute jumping and many more.

General Aviation includes heavy-duty business jets and less expensive customized planes also. They are all demand based and non-scheduled. The license exams for pilots in both categories are same but functioning of plane can be very different in both of them. Customized planes are used for private purpose and they can be made through variety of materials.

Flight training is also considered to be a part of basic piloting. Government makes strict safety rules for flying to prevent any accidents. This is a very prevalent recreational action. If you learn something about avionics then flying could be more fun. North America has many excellent training schools for this purpose.

To have a common safety standard throughout the world United Nations has formed international regulatory body for basic aeronautics, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). It plays a crucial role in piloting industry because out of 100 flights 77 flights are of basic piloting. There could be a country own regulatory body as well.

The regulation of air shows is also done by country piloting agencies because they use myriad number of aircrafts of different types. It also helps private pilots to have risk management assessment of their plane and flying because the number of accidents occur in general piloting are greater than in commercial piloting.

Recreational part of General Aviation is very cool. It makes people do something new and feel energetic about it. 166 million people use any form of General Aviation so safety should be a pivotal factor while doing a recreational activity.

The private jets use same airports as that of airlines or cargo because it is used for business purposes. The airports for recreational aircrafts are generally different because they demand more autonomy and different place than commercial planes. They might also be in far places. Thus, basic piloting is an important revenue generation source for an economy and it will continue to grow in future also.

When you’re ready to begin your search for General Aviation aircraft, then you may want to start with aviation classifieds. You’ll be able to find aircraft with the Dakota Cub slotted wing.

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4WD Mods For Off-Road Driving

by on Apr.02, 2011, under Travel

Off roaders are exciting, interesting, adventurous, and a bit wild. Although, some off road enthusiasts are hard to spot until they leave the pavement; when the weekend arrives, so does their wild side. Their 4X4 vehicles, on the other hand, are not hard to spot. Most enthusiasts are always looking for new ways to enhance their vehicle and their off road experience. Making certain modifications and switching out a few 4X4 parts can provide more power, strength, and endurance.

Installing new shock absorbers is, usually, one of the first modifications a 4X4 owner will make. Shock absorbers from the factory leave a lot to be desired. Worn or insufficient shocks can be hazardous, on or off the road. Monotube, multitube, hydraulic, bypass, gas, and air shocks are some options. Coilover shocks are a great choice for many. Remote control shock absorbers are convenient and cool.

Manual locking hubs are another common modification on 4X4s. Hubs can be automatic or manual. Automatic hubs are convenient, unless there is a malfunction, but in terms of overall reliability and strength, manual locking hubs are the preferred choice. Manual hubs allow the driver to engage and disengage the front hubs as needed. Disengaging the hubs provides a smoother, quieter ride on the road.

Additional traction is very beneficial when four wheeling over varied terrain. Most 4X4 enthusiasts are not satisfied with “limited-slip” differentials. Manual or automatic locking differentials are preferred by most drivers. A locker, sometimes called a Detroit Locker or a Powertrax Lock Right, will dispatch 100% of the engine torque to both wheels on the axle. Some choose the manual lockers for reduced noise and a smoother on road ride, when deactivated.

Large tires are eye catching and make an impression. Huge tires can be quite intimidating. Although big tires add a lot to the appearance of the vehicle, they add some extremely beneficial, extra inches of ground clearance. Some off roaders still use bias tires. They are great for trails, rocks, mud, and more. Many use radial tires. They provide a quieter, smoother ride on the road. Deep tread with angles and reinforced sidewalls are best for off roading.

Bigger tires will require more space. Small, medium, and large lift kits can be used to raise the vehicle. The space provided will range from about 1.5 inches to four inches and more. Many experienced off road enthusiasts prefer spring over axle (if their vehicle is leaf-sprung) or coil suspension lifts. For the offroader that needs a few extra inches of clearance without the need of a full blown suspension lift, they may opt for a body lift kit.

The internet is a great place for off roaders to find 4X4 parts, kits, manuals, and tires. Enthusiasts can find a lot of four wheeling/off road information and helpful tips, also. Vehicle modifications are changes that affect handling and performance. It may take time to adjust to the changes.

A Powertrax locker is highly recommended for ultimate traction at a minimal cost. Shock absorbers keep the vehicle moving smoothly in all driving conditions.

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Off-Airport Flying With The Piper Super Cub

by on Mar.19, 2011, under Travel

Piper Super Cub

For many people, the Piper Super Cub airplane is to the aeronautic world what the Ford Model T is to the automobile industry. There was a time when the term “Piper Cub” was used by people to refer to any single-engine plane they saw. The roots for this plane can be found in the J-3, which did not have quite enough power to perform on unimproved airstrips. A team of aeronautic engineers addressed this concern and the PA-18 was developed.

With a payload of just 450 lbs, including the weight of the fuel, the relatively short range was an issue with the old J-3. The single fuel tank was mounted on the front and did not have a very large capacity. The new design incorporated a bigger engine than the original model. A 90HP Continental engine was eventually replaced by a four cylinder Lycoming. When the 150 HP Lycoming 0-320 was added, the payload increased to 820 lbs. This more powerful aircraft uses more fuel so a second tank was added and both were mounted in the wing roots.

This extra horsepower had several desirable effects on performance. The cruise speed increased significantly, from 65 knots to 100, and the service ceiling went up to 19,500 feet. This 7,500 foot increase in ceiling made the aircraft more useful in the west, where mountain passes can be as high as two miles. Takeoff roll was now reduced to a mere 200 feet, and the steep climb-out enabled the aircraft to depart from almost any improvised runway.

With the added weight, the plane became more challenging to land on any airstrip that had a short approach. The company addressed this problem by adding another flap to the rear spar just behind the pair of fuel tanks. This flap is designed to act as an air-brake to allow a steeper approach at slower air speeds. This proved to be so successful designers decided to include an additional flap nestled between the ailerons and the cabin. This made the craft easier to control during landing and takeoff maneuvers.

The Super Cub could now go almost anywhere. Spray rigs were developed for agricultural purposes. Super Cubs were fitted with floats and skis, and their yellow silhouettes were soon seen across the skies of newly developed Alaska. The Super Cub could land on the smallest gravel bar or frozen lake, and was the bush taxi of choice for a generation of sportsmen and prospectors. Even today, the Super Cub is still the best aircraft on unimproved landing strips across the world.

The Super Cub is actually a decendant of the J-3 Cub. It led the way for the many aircraft that would later be inspired by it’s flight characteristics including the Super Breezy by Yakima Aerosport.

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    Behind HJDS Travel Group Blog

    My name is Harry Delgado and I am a full time Internet and Small Business developer and marketer. Over 30 years in the Computer systems development, programming, hardware installations and support. Currently making a living from blogs like HJDS Computer Services , HJDS Investment Group and HJDS BlogBiz. You can connect with me via social media sites at Facebook - LinkedIn - Twitter - YouTube.