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Archive for May, 2012

The History Of Tikal’s Mayan Civilization

by on May.28, 2012, under Travel

History per se is certainly never exact. Truly the only account we have now of history is the thing that remains by point of view. This is particularly true in the world of Mayan history, where the almost all detailed accounts of history are found from not skilled archaeologists, opinionated historians, erroneous translations, one-sided Spanish Conquistador scripts.

Apart from such scripts, historians and archaeologists, all they left us are eroding hieroglyphics which are not always decipherable, even by people who speak many Mayan dialects. Hence, the future account, just like any historical account of Mayan history, ought to be read with somewhat a constructive as well as curious skepticism. It is always best to seek the truth or something close to it.

The Classic Period

It was in the three regions of Mexico where the classic Maya culture developed. Essentially the most significant and also most complete urban developments took place in the lowlands in the “central region” of southern Guatemala. This region is actually covered by rich tropical rainforest; it is a drainage basin about 60 miles and 20 miles wide; the Mayas, in actual fact, are only 1 of 2 peoples to build an urban culture in a tropical rainforest.

The fact of the matter is that Tikal was the principal city in this region, though the spread of urbanization fully extended south to Honduras; the southernmost Mayan city was Copan in northern Honduras. In the Guatemalan highlands to the north, Mayan culture developed less fully. The highlands are certainly more warm and seem to have been the major suppliers of raw materials to the central locations. The Mayan development also took place in another major region which is the Yucatan Peninsula which comprises the eastern and souther portions of Mexico today. The Yucatan Peninsula is generally a dry region, though towns were built in this area, like Chichen Itza and Uxmal (pronounced “Oosh-mal”), almost all scholars assume that this was a culturally marginal area. Right after the desertion of the Classic Mayan towns and cities, the Yucatn peninsula had become the most important region of a new, synthetic culture recognized as Toltec-Mayan which was developed when Toltecs migrating from the north integrated with indigenous Maya peoples.


Tikal is actually the second largest ancient Mayan ruined cities of the Mayan world as the first one is Calakmul. Positioned in El Petn, Guatemala, where regions are known by departments as an alternative to states, Tikal has now become certainly one of Guatemla’s most popular tourist place. Near the cities of Flores and also Santa Elena Tikal is also on the list of best stored Mayan archaeological sites in Latin America along with Chichen Itza and also Machu pichu.

They said that the name Tikal was derived from the word, Ti-akal, a Mayan place name which means “At the Reservoir.Variations in Roman spelling aside, the name could just be a hybrid of the original Proto-Mayan word. The word, nevertheless, means several large as well as partly artificial water basins discovered close to the center of the ruins.


As among the primary cultural and also population centers in Maya civilization Tikal’s breathtaking architecture dates to the 4th century BC, when it reached its top through the Classic Period ca. 200 AD to 900 AD. Where, in accordance with some sources, the site focused the Maya region politically.It is actually debated whether or not the Maya of the region been able to get in touch with native population. Hieroglyphics located in Palenque and also Chichen Itza reveal that there was a blend of cultures between the Mixteca, Atzecs of Cental Mexico as well as the Maya of Chiapas, developing different subcultures of an early pacifist, or non-sacrifice practicing civilization.

There are evidences which tells that Tikal was conquered by Teotithuacan during the 4th century A.D.. Right after the end of the Late Classic Period, absolutely no new main monuments were constructed at Tikal and there’s evidence that elite palaces were burnt. Next came the gradual decline of population as well as the abandonment of the site by the end of the 10th century.

In contrast to the its Mayan cousin, Gran Acropolis Ednza in Campeche, Mexico, Tikal had no water apart from what was gathered from rainwater and kept in subterranean storage facilities known as chultuns. During the last century, there were archaeologists working in Tikal used the ancient underground facilities to store water for their own use. The lack of lakes, rivers and springs in the primary area of Tikal highlights a vast feat: creating a big city with just supplies of kept periodic rainfall.

With intensive agricultural techniques, Tikal prospered, which are much more advanced compared to slash & burn techniques initially theorized by archeologists. It was the reliance on seasonal rainfall that left Tikal prone to lenthy drought which also brought on the fall of the Classic Maya.

Many other hypotheses declare that Tikal was never an important power in the Mayan world, yet a subject of the empire civilization organized by El Caracol and Calakmul. And also various other sources point out that Tikal was a prominent influence in the southern Maya. We all do know, nonetheless, that Tikal was usually at war and inscriptions refer to alliances and clash with some other Maya states, which includes UaxactunTikal Temple Caracol, and Calakmul.Tikal was defeated by Caracol at the end of the Early Classic; it was Caracol who took the place of Tikal being the paramount center in the southern Maya lowlands. Apparently another defeat was experienced at the hands of Dos Pilas in the middle 7th century, with the possible seize and also sacrifice of Tikal’s ruler during the time.

Akin to the numerous archaeological sites in the Mayan World, just a fraction of the constructions in Tikal have been entirely excavated. With intense tourism in and out of Tikal virtually year-round and also poor funds excavations haven’t made important advances despite many years of archaeological work. Essentially the most dominant of the structures that have been excavated are Temples I – VI, each of which facilitates a temple structure on their summits. Most of these pyramids are more than 60 meters high (200 feet). They were numbered sequentially in the early survey of the site.

Onejungle.com has great informative articles on the Mayan History. The original article can be found here: History of Mayan Civilization Tikal .

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    Why People Need Backpacker Travel Insurance

    by on May.27, 2012, under Travel

    Backpacker travel insurance is needed today more than ever. This is because more and more people are travelling to all areas of the world. Along with the beaten path that lot’s of tourists go to, people are visiting more remote places and it seems that everywhere in the world is travelled to by somebody.

    When going away for these sort of trips it is important to have cover that is adequate for whatever adventure is being planned. Many companies are in this business and they need to know what sort of activities will be taking place. Cover needs to be there for what is expected and what is not. People will not know what is in store for them completely.

    The first thing people need to think is what will they want to do while they are away. Normal activities should always be covered but some people will want to do something a bit different so they need to keep this in mind when filling in an insurance form. Anything health related needs to be planned for.

    The companies require lot’s of information so they can give an adequate and correct quote for each person. They take into consideration any risk taking activities and evaluate the cover based on this. If you are going to do something particularly dangerous then they may offer separate specialist cover.

    The person needs to tell the company all they know before they go because if they don’t and a problem occurs then their insurance may not stretch to this and the policy may not be valid. They know that you do not know everything that you are likely to encounter but it is best to tell them all you know.

    The basic policy would cover things like, lost passports, medical cover for emergencies, stolen property and luggage problems. All the policies should tell you what you are covered for so you know what you are getting. If you are not sure them just ask the company for more clarity.

    When backpacker travel insurance in got then it is a good tip to make copies of the policy and leave one at home and email one to yourself. This way if you loose the documents on route you will have copies so it won’t be that much a a problem. A little bit of planning goes a long way.

    Finding the right insurance policy can make or break your backpacking travels. Find out more about backpackers travel insurance to make sure you’re Finding the best deal available.

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      Tips For Visiting New York City: Get Yourself To The City

      by on May.26, 2012, under Vacations

      From the report which is showing that the number of people arriving in New York has increased tremendously, becoming one of the most admired places in the world. The urban is lucrative in all areas of attraction ranging of the building to environment. Above this it has a very high capacity population which helps in the thriving business as a visitor you are assured of motivation and also having a tremendous experience. However to have you experience to remember in the future use tips for visiting New York City.

      The internet would be the first stop before thinking of traveling. Here you will acquire information regarding the best sites to visit and the cost of the services provided. This will be of great help in planning and deciding where to visit and where not. You will be able to avert yourself from the peak season which requires you to go deeper in your pocket.

      The statue of the liberty is one of the most amazing statues that have ever been made. Due to the statue size and significance visitors continue to stream in and. This will definitely mean that the transport section is congested as the people increase adding more queues. To avoid this you can use an alternative route by use of ferry which is more convenient and comfortable.

      The high number of vehicles causes congestion on the roads this not offering you the liberty to have a glance on the beautiful city. To get the best view of the urban setting walking would be the most effective way.

      If you are inspired by different landmarks for example the empire state building it would be wise to go there at night. The reason for this is to avert the crowds a daytime allowing you to save time as there are no queues.

      The tips for visiting new york city gives you an opportunity to explore the urban beforehand. Get hold of the copy and be assured of an amazing tour to the big city.

      http://www.safetourist.org has a lot more useful information about tips for visiting new york city.

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        Behind HJDS Travel Group Blog

        My name is Harry Delgado and I am a full time Internet and Small Business developer and marketer. Over 30 years in the Computer systems development, programming, hardware installations and support. Currently making a living from blogs like HJDS Computer Services , HJDS Investment Group and HJDS BlogBiz. You can connect with me via social media sites at Facebook - LinkedIn - Twitter - YouTube.